Obesity is a prevailing cause of various potentially life-threatening and highly serious ailments, capable of leading to conditions such as:
- Heart disease
- Breast, and colon cancer
- Pancreatic cancer
- Type 2 diabetes
In consideration of these factors, it is easy to understand why some overweight individuals consider various options in an attempt to combat their obesity. Weight loss surgery, also referred to as bariatric surgery, is one of the most common options that people turn to, as they often feel that it may be the quickest, and easiest option to get rid of weight fast. However, one of the biggest issues with weight loss surgery is that many patients fail to consider the risks and dangers before they get started.
Why can weight loss surgery be dangerous?
Because weight loss surgery does give patients access to a rapid form of weight loss, it is also capable of causing various side effects and comes with a number of serious risks. Complications that can occur immediately during, or after surgery include:
- Blood clots or deep vein thrombosis in the legs.
- Pulmonary embolism (blood clots in the lungs)
- Internal bleeding
Food Intolerance risks
One in thirty-five people who decide to have a gastric band fitted will develop an intolerance to food, and this can appear years after their surgery has been completed. Food intolerance happens when your body is unable to cope with certain foods and will cause various symptoms, such as vomiting, nausea, and even gastro-oesophageal reflux disease. The reason why this problem occurs is unclear, but if you do suffer from food intolerance, you may have to have the gastric band removed.
Lethal or life-threatening risks
It is important to remember that no surgery is ever completely safe, and all surgical procedures come with some risk of death. Over the years, the outlook for weight loss surgery has begun to improve with advancing modern techniques but some of the following complications within surgery could lead to death:
- Heart attack
- Internal bleeding
- Pulmonary embolism
Furthermore, various risk factors have been identified that could increase the risk of death during or quickly after weight loss surgery, which include:
- Being over 45 years of age
- Being male
- Having a BMI of over 50
- High blood pressure
Having a known risk factor for pulmonary embolisms, such as a history of blood clots, pulmonary hypertension, or obesity hyperventilation syndrome.